88% of crimes and offences of Domestic Abuse are perpetrated by men against women.
There were over 57,000 incidents of Domestic Abuse recorded by Police in Scotland in 2011.
Domestic abuse is when a person uses coercion, intimidation and fear to control their partner in an intimate relationship. It is mainly perpetrated by men against women and can also happen in same sex relationships. Sometimes, but much less often, it can be perpetrated by women against men.
It takes many forms and can include:
Emotional – constantly putting a person down, always wanting to know where they are, stopping a person from seeing their family or friends, stopping them from having a job.
Physical – using physical force like: hitting, punching, biting, kicking, throwing or smashing things, making threats to hurt someone.
Sexual – making someone do sexual things that they don't want to do, rape, calling the person degrading names such as slag or slut, making them watch sexual acts/pictures.
Financial – taking a person's money, making a person ask for money, making a person say how they spend every single penny, not allowing them to work and earn money, making all the decisions when deciding what to buy and when to buy.
Domestic abuse usually takes the form of controlling behaviour which gets worse over time. Physical violence and threats may be used to maintain control but domestic abuse does not have to include physical violence; it may take the form of psychological, financial or emotional abuse.
Domestic abuse can increase in intensity and frequency at specific points in a woman’s life, for example, during pregnancy.